If you notice someone who you think may be in trouble, please do not approach them yourself. Instead, please contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888-373-7888 or the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children at 800-843-5678.
There are roughly 27 million slaves worldwide, which is more than during the entire 400 years of the Trans Atlantic slave trade. (Source: http://www.a21.org/content/human-trafficking/gl0ryw)
The International Labour Organization estimates that human trafficking revenues equal $150 billion annually and that 26% of the world's victims are children. (Source: https://polarisproject.org/facts)
While the National Human Trafficking Resource Center doesn’t have exact numbers, they estimate hundreds of thousands of American victims. Polaris Project, who operates the National Hotline, received 27,000 calls in America in 2016. (Source: https://polarisproject.org/facts)
The average age of entry into sex slavery for a girl is 12-14 years old. The average age of entry for a boy is 11-13 years old. (Source: http://www.a21.org/content/human-trafficking/gl0ryw)
The John Jay College in New York shows an estimated 53.5% of children trafficked in the U.S. are boys. (Source: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/225083.pdf)
75% of predators who have been convicted of child abuse have also reported being victims of child abuse, according to a study shared by Bonnie Martin, M.ED, LPC. (Source: https://sharedhope.org/just2015/bonnie-martin-lpc/)
Statistics show that 1 in 5 homeless children will be picked up and sold within the first 48 hours of becoming homeless. (Source: https://polarisproject.org/facts)
In America, 1.6 million youth between the ages of 15-24 are or have been homeless. (Source: https://truecolorsfund.org/our-issue/)
There were 2,542 homeless people under the age of 18 in North Carolina during a Point-in-Time count in January, 2015. (Source: http://www.ncceh.org/media/files/page/b60333d4/2015_NC_PIT_Count.pdf)
During the 2014-2015 school year, Durham County had 846 homeless students. (Source: https://public.tableau.com/profile/durhamopeningdoors#!/vizhome/DepartmentofEducationHomelessStudents2013-14/SchoolDistrictSelector)
40-50% of homeless youth in America associate themselves with the LGBTQ+ community and up to 67% of these homeless youth are homeless due to broken familial relationships, making them some of the most vulnerable children in the country to be lured into human trafficking. (Source: http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Serving-Our-Youth-June-2015.pdf)
North Carolina ranked in the top 10 states on Polaris Project's National Hotline list with almost 200 confirmed human trafficking cases reported in 2016. North Carolina consistently ranks high on lists determining which states are most at risk due to several major highways, large military bases and universities throughout the state, flourishing industries such as agriculture, construction, salons and spas, and restaurants, the coastal and mountain tourism, and the demand for cheap sex and cheap labor. (Source: https://humantraffickinghotline.org/states)
46 of the cases reported to the National Hotline which happened in North Carolina in 2016 involved children. (Source: https://humantraffickinghotline.org/state/north-carolina)
323 incidents of abuse involved someone under the age of 25 in Durham County in 2015. An overwhelming number of trafficking victims are first victims or witnesses of abuse (physical, mental, verbal, sexual, or emotional) in the home. (Source: Durham Police Department Crime Analysis and Criminal Intelligence)
Up to 80% of commercial sexually exploited children (CSEC) have had contact with foster care or social services. (Source: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/trafficking.pdf)
In 2015, there were 119 children removed from homes in Durham County and placed in foster care and there were a total of 218 children in foster care in 2015. (Source: http://www.ncchild.org/what-we-do/data/kids-count-data-center/)
As parents, we tend to think that if we keep children away from strangers, we can protect them from things like human trafficking. Unfortunately, the statistics paint a different picture: 95 percent of sexually abused children will be abused by someone they know and trust. (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/12-confronting-statistics-on-child-sexual-abuse_us_587dab01e4b0740488c3de49)
As many of 40 percent of children who are sexually abused are abused by older, or more powerful children. With the easy access to pornography we are seeing more and more cases of child on child sexual abuse, and older children/siblings sexually abusing younger children. Twenty-three percent of all 10 to 17 year olds experience exposure to unwanted pornography. (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/12-confronting-statistics-on-child-sexual-abuse_us_587dab01e4b0740488c3de49)
84% of sexual victimization of children under 12 occurs in a residence. (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/12-confronting-statistics-on-child-sexual-abuse_us_587dab01e4b0740488c3de49)
trafficking victims protection act of 2000
Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, labor or services, in which the act, labor or service is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age.
The TVPA was reauthorized in 2008 and currently stands as the federal definition of human trafficking. Key words or phrases in this definition are "commercial sex, labor or services", meaning that human trafficking comes in two forms: sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Other key words are "force, fraud, or coercion", as these are used to determined whether or not a person is a victim of human trafficking and finally, the phrase "in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age." This phrase means that if someone is under 18 years old, he or she is NOT criminal/prostitute/sex worker/stripper, etc. He or she is a victim of human trafficking and the law does not require proof of force, fraud, or coercion in order for the person to be treated as a victim.